The Verano Monumental Cemetery is Member of Association of Significant Cemeteries in Europe (ASCE) and is part of European Cemeteries Route (ECR).
The Verano Monumental Cemetery covers an area of about 83 hectares.
It has been burial for at least twenty centuries, as evidenced by the existence of a Roman necropolis: the so-called catacombs of Santa Ciriaca. It owes the name Verano to the ancient field of Verani, gens senatoria at the time of the Roman Republic. Founded along the consular road Tiburtina during the Napoleonic reign of 1805-1814, in deference to the Edict of Saint Cloud of 1804 which imposed the burials outside the city walls. The project was entrusted to Giuseppe Valadier between 1807 and 1812. Consecrated in 1835, the works continued with the pontificates of Gregory XVI and Pius IX, under the direction of the great papal architect Virginio Vespignani.
The construction of the cemetery continued even after the advent of Rome Capital (1870-1871) incorporating important plots such as, for example, Villa Mancini on which stands the Pincetto area.
The main entrance with three arches has two towers and an entrance portico made impressive by the presence of four large female statues, works of different sculptors, representing the four allegories of Silence (Giuseppe Blasetti), of the Prayer (Francesco Fabi Altini) , of the Hope (Stefano Galletti) and the Meditation on Death (Francesco Fabi Altini).The statues were completed in 1877.
The Monumental Entrance precedes the wide Quadriportico, a work by Vespignani, built in 1870 and completed in 1880, which is considered the heart of Verano. At the center is the Statue of the Redeemer, sculpted by Leopoldo Ansiglioni in 1887. In the background the small church of Santa Maria della Misericordia which represents the focal point in the architectural structure of the Quadriportico.
The current configuration follows the bombardment of the San Lorenzo district (19 July 1943), in which the Verano suffered damages located in three areas: the monumental entrance with the Quadriportico and the Pincetto, the offices of the management and the area in front of the Military Memorial (Raffaele De Vico)
The Verano cemetery is a vast garden with hilly stretches alternating with other plains, in which there are significant sepulchral monuments, in different forms, techniques and styles: Neoclassicism, Realism, Eclectism, Symbolism, Liberty, Futurism. Works performed by the most representative exponents of the Roman and Italian artistic environment of the second half of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. To name just a few: Gaetano Koch, Pio and Marcello Piacentini, Giulio Monteverde, Ettore Ximenes, Ettore Ferrari, Gioacchino Ersoch, Corrado Cianferoni, Pietro Canonica, Cesare Picchiarini, Duilio Cambellotti, Alessandro Morani, Raffaele De Vico, Vito Pardo, Enrico Tadolini, this last example of modern style of the early twentieth century now far from the neoclassical or academic language of the nineteenth century.
A specific feature of Verano is the numerous series of nineteenth-century funerary portraits of Filippo Severati, not surprisingly called "The Painter of Verano", particularly interesting for the originality of the materials and their intrinsic quality: they are painted on lava and represent a important gallery of the rich Roman bourgeoisie. In 1857 Severati patented his original technique of enamel painting on lava and the patent remained secret until many decades after the artist's death. Every single enamel of Severati has the signature, the date and the progressive number, so as to form a cataloged gallery. The paintings of Filippo Severati are a patrimony of the most important works of art in the monumental cemetery of Rome and his technique has allowed his evocative paintings to have a good state of preservation, despite exposure to atmospheric agents for over a century.
Among the places of the Verano of intense suggestion is the terracing of the relief called Scogliera del Monte built between 1870 and 1876: various rows of high walls built with blocks of tufa, a local stone of Roman area, support several marble steles of the deceased.
Like the Rampa Caracciolo, a work created in 1918 by the architect Corrado Cianferoni, in which the tomb of the Roman dialectal poet Trilussa will be placed in the 1950s.
In the collective consciousness, Rome is also perceived as the "city of cinema" and the Verano cemetery emphasizes this uniqueness preserving the memory of its key figures: directors, screenwriters, actors, composers of soundtracks, etc., which have made the Italian cinema: Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica, Carlo Lizzani, Sergio Amidei, Suso Cecchi D’Amico, Alberto Sordi, Aldo Fabrizi, Vittorio Gasmann, Marcello Mastroianni, Eduardo De Filippo, Nino Manfredi, Nino Rota, Alida Valli, Amedeo Nazzari , Ettore Petrolini.. and many other artists buried in the monumental cemetery of Verano.
The Monumental Cemetery of Verano, with its heritage of works of art and with the burials of hundreds of famous people from the artistic, historical, literary, musical, cinematographic, theatrical world ... is an open-air museum that is unequaled for the quantity and the peculiarity of the testimonies: an inestimable value under the historical-artistic and cultural profile.
Visit the Verano Cemetery to learn about Rome and its culture!
Main entrance: Piazzale del Verano, 1
Call Center 0039 06 49236331/2/3/4 - Fax: 0039 06 490538
Summer time (1 April - 30 September): every day from 7.30 to 18.00
Winter time (1 October – 31 March): every day from 7.30 to 17.00
Free shuttle service inside the Cemetery
Access by private vehicle: only on Saturdays; every day: people aged over 65 or disabled
How to get
By car: via Via Tiburtina
By bus: lines 71- 163 - 448 - 492 - 545 - 310
By train: Tiburtina station + bus lines 71 - 545 - 163; Termini station + bus lines 71 - 492 - 310
By plane: "Leonardo da Vinci" Fiumicino airport + FS train to Termini or Tiburtina stations
Distance from city center: 20’